What is web application penetration testing, why is it necessary, what types are there, and how is it performed? When I first heard about web application penetration testing, these were my initial thoughts.
So, what is Web application Penetration Testing? The answer is fairly easy, as we all know, everything is done digitally, from shopping to financial transactions. All of this is accomplished using web applications, which are commonly referred to as websites. The more active the website, the more attacking vectors it will acquire. Because online applications are dynamic, it is more difficult to protect them all of the time.
Every functionality has a bug, and every update adds a new functionality, thus the cycle repeats.Penetration testing is a security measure used to ensure the overall status of the application security layer.
Why is this important?
Since all websites and web applications process data that is very sensitive in terms of the customer’s privacy as well as the organization’s reputation, and if a security breach occurs or any vulnerability that is present on the application or by any known CVE that data leaks or gets stolen, it will have a negative impact on the organization.
Kinds of Penetration Testing
Penetration testing is classified into two types
Internal Penetrating Testing (IPT): It is carried out within the organization’s network, mostly via LAN and VPN. It mostly covers the testing of applications that are only accessible over the intranet.
Penetration testing on the outside: All attacks that may be performed from outside by any malicious attacker, as well as penetration testers, are performed on the web application that is hosted on the internet.
How does it work?
A team of completely certified penetration testers is essential for this work since all of the attacking vectors that a competent malicious hacker may conduct it, and to prevent it, it is always good to be hacked by an authorized one so that it can be patched.
There are five stages of penetration testing.
- Obtaining Access
- Gaining Access
- Maintaining Access
- Covering the tracks
Following that, the developer team is given a detailed report of all the vulnerabilities that need to be fixed, along with a solution.Since no technology on Internet is unhackable so it’s good to be hacked by own rather than being hacked by any unknown one.
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